STOCK COMPENSATION PLANS
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2013
|STOCK COMPENSATION PLANS [Abstract]|
|STOCK COMPENSATION PLANS||
STOCK COMPENSATION PLANS
Our Company grants stock options and restricted stock awards to certain employees of the Company. Total stock-based compensation expense was $227 million, $259 million and $354 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and was included as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses in our consolidated statements of income. The total income tax benefit recognized in our consolidated statements of income related to stock-based compensation arrangements was $62 million, $72 million and $99 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
As of December 31, 2013, we had $416 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested share-based compensation arrangements granted under our plans. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.8 years as stock-based compensation expense. This expected cost does not include the impact of any future stock-based compensation awards.
Stock Option Plans
The fair value of our stock option grants is amortized over the vesting period, generally four years. The fair value of each option award is estimated on the grant date using a Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model. The weighted-average fair value of options granted during the past three years and the weighted-average assumptions used in the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model for such grants were as follows:
Generally, stock options granted from 1999 through July 2003 expire 15 years from the date of grant and stock options granted in December 2003 and thereafter expire 10 years from the date of grant. The shares of common stock to be issued, transferred and/or sold under the stock option plans are made available from authorized and unissued Company common stock or from the Company's treasury shares. In 2007, the Company began issuing common stock under these plans from the Company's treasury shares.
The Company had the following active stock option plans as of December 31, 2013:
As of December 31, 2013, there were 84 million shares available to be granted under the 1999 Option Plan, 2002 Option Plan and 2008 Option Plan. Options to purchase common stock under all of these plans have generally been granted at the fair market value of the Company's stock at the date of grant.
Stock option activity for all stock option plans for the year ended December 31, 2013, was as follows:
The total intrinsic value of the options exercised was $815 million, $780 million and $631 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The total shares exercised were 53 million, 61 million and 65 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
Restricted Stock Award Plans
Under The Coca-Cola Company 1989 Restricted Stock Award Plan and The Coca-Cola Company 1983 Restricted Stock Award Plan (the "Restricted Stock Award Plans"), 80 million and 48 million shares of restricted common stock, respectively, were originally available to be granted to certain officers and key employees of our Company. As of December 31, 2013, 25 million shares remain available for grant under the Restricted Stock Award Plans. The Company issues restricted stock to employees as a result of performance share unit awards, time-based awards and performance-based awards.
For awards prior to January 1, 2008, under the 1983 Restricted Stock Award Plan, participants are reimbursed by our Company for income taxes imposed on the award, but not for taxes generated by the reimbursement payment. The 1983 Restricted Stock Award Plan has been amended to eliminate this tax reimbursement for awards after January 1, 2008. The shares are subject to certain transfer restrictions and may be forfeited if a participant leaves our Company for reasons other than retirement, disability or death, absent a change in control of our Company.
Performance Share Unit Awards
In 2003, the Company established a program to grant performance share units under The Coca-Cola Company 1989 Restricted Stock Award Plan to executives. In 2008, the Company expanded the program to award a mix of stock options and performance share units to eligible employees in addition to executives. The number of shares earned is determined at the end of each performance period, generally three years, based on the actual performance criteria predetermined by the Board of Directors at the time of grant. If the performance criteria are met, the award results in a grant of restricted stock or restricted stock units, which are then generally subject to a holding period in order for the restricted stock to be released. For performance share units granted before 2008, this holding period is generally two years. For performance share units granted in 2008 and after, this holding period is generally one year. Restrictions on such stock generally lapse at the end of the holding period. Performance share units generally do not pay dividends or allow voting rights during the performance period. For awards granted prior to 2011, participants generally receive dividends or dividend equivalents once the performance criteria have been certified and the restricted stock or restricted stock units have been issued. For awards granted in 2011 and later, participants generally receive dividends or dividend equivalents once the shares have been released. Accordingly, the fair value of the performance share units is the quoted market value of the Company stock on the grant date less the present value of the expected dividends not received during the relevant period. In the period it becomes probable that the minimum performance criteria specified in the plan will be achieved, we recognize expense for the proportionate share of the total fair value of the performance share units related to the vesting period that has already lapsed. The remaining cost of the grant is expensed on a straight-line basis over the balance of the vesting period. In the event the Company determines it is no longer probable that we will achieve the minimum performance criteria specified in the plan, we reverse all of the previously recognized compensation expense in the period such a determination is made.
Performance share units under The Coca-Cola Company 1989 Restricted Stock Award Plan require achievement of certain financial measures, primarily compound annual growth in earnings per share or economic profit. These financial measures are adjusted for certain items approved and certified by the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. The purpose of these adjustments is to ensure a consistent year to year comparison of the specific performance criteria. Economic profit is our net operating profit after tax less the cost of the capital used in our business. In the event the financial results equal the predefined target, the Company will grant the number of restricted shares equal to the target award in the underlying performance share unit agreements. In the event the financial results exceed the predefined target, additional shares up to the maximum award may be granted. In the event the financial results fall below the predefined target, a reduced number of shares may be granted. If the financial results fall below the threshold award performance level, no shares will be granted. Performance share units are generally settled in stock, except for certain circumstances such as death or disability, where former employees or their beneficiaries are provided a cash equivalent payment. As of December 31, 2013, performance share units of 5,365,000, 6,487,000 and 6,122,000 were outstanding for the 2011–2013, 2012–2014 and 2013–2015 performance periods, respectively, based on the target award amounts in the performance share unit agreements.
The following table summarizes information about performance share units based on the target award amounts in the performance share unit agreements:
The weighted-average grant date fair value of performance share units granted was $32.67 in 2013, $29.95 in 2012 and $25.58 in 2011. The Company converted performance share units of 54,999 in 2013, 16,267 in 2012 and 19,462 in 2011 to cash equivalent payments of $1.8 million, $0.6 million and $0.7 million, respectively, to former employees who were ineligible for restricted stock grants due to certain events such as death or disability.
The following table summarizes information about the conversions of performance share units to restricted stock and restricted stock units:
The total intrinsic value of restricted shares that were vested and released was $16 million, $148 million and $72 million in 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The total restricted share units vested and released in 2013 were 405,963 at the certified award level. In 2012 and 2011, the total restricted share units vested and released were 4,301,732 and 2,084,912, respectively.
Replacement performance share unit awards issued by the Company in connection with our acquisition of CCE's former North America business are not included in the tables or discussions above and were originally granted under the Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. 2007 Incentive Award Plan. These awards were converted into equivalent share units of the Company's common stock on the acquisition date and entitle the participant to dividend equivalents (which vest, in some cases, only if the restricted share units vest), but not the right to vote. Accordingly, the fair value of these units was the quoted value of the Company's stock at the grant date.
On the acquisition date, the Company issued 3.3 million replacement performance share unit awards at target with a weighted-average grant date price of $29.56 per share that were either projected to pay out at, or previously certified at a payout rate of 200 percent. In accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, the portion of the fair value of the replacement awards related to services provided prior to the acquisition was included in the total purchase price. The portion of the fair value associated with future service was recognized as expense in the fourth quarter of 2010. As of January 1, 2011, there were 3.8 million shares subject to release under these plans based on the 200 percent payout. During 2011, the Company released 3.1 million shares at the 200 percent payout with an intrinsic value of $98 million. During 2012, the Company released 0.6 million shares at the 200 percent payout with an intrinsic value of $22 million. During 2013, the Company released 0.1 million shares at the 200 percent payout with an intrinsic value of $5 million. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had no remaining outstanding replacement performance share units.
Time-Based and Performance-Based Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Unit Awards
The Coca-Cola Company 1989 Restricted Stock Award Plan allows for the grant of time-based and performance-based restricted stock and restricted stock units. The performance-based restricted awards are released only upon the achievement of specific measurable performance criteria. These awards pay dividends during the performance period. The majority of awards have specific performance targets for achievement. If the performance targets are not met, the awards will be canceled. In the period it becomes probable that the performance criteria will be achieved, we recognize expense for the proportionate share of the total fair value of the grant related to the vesting period that has already lapsed. The remaining cost of the grant is expensed on a straight-line basis over the balance of the vesting period.
For time-based and performance-based restricted stock awards, participants are entitled to vote and receive dividends on the restricted shares. The Company also awards time-based and performance-based restricted stock units for which participants may receive payments of dividend equivalents but are not entitled to vote. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had outstanding nonvested time-based and performance-based restricted stock awards, including restricted stock units, of 700,000 and 81,000, respectively. Time-based and performance-based restricted stock awards were not significant to our consolidated financial statements.
In 2010, the Company issued time-based restricted stock replacement awards, including restricted stock units, in connection with our acquisition of CCE's former North America business. These awards were converted into equivalent shares of the Company's common stock. These restricted share awards entitle the participant to dividend equivalents (which vest, in some cases, only if the restricted share unit vests), but not the right to vote. As of December 31, 2013, the Company had 59,000 outstanding nonvested time-based restricted stock replacement awards, including restricted stock units. These time-based restricted awards were not significant to our consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef